Creative and social entrepreneurs want to change the world – an initiative in South Africa helps them measure their success
Some say, if you can’t measure it, it didn’t happen. But it’s a real challenge to assess social impact. A partnership in South Africa aims to introduce impact measurement and management techniques to grassroots creative and social entrepreneurs.
Creative and social entrepreneurs want to change the world. But how do they know if they are succeeding? Some get heavily involved in quantitative measurement, metrics, log frames and targets. “If you can’t measure it, it just didn’t happen,” was a view expressed by a US-based public health awareness campaigner some years back. Others say the measurement mania can go too far and miss out on a whole range of qualitative and “softer” considerations. They quote a character in an Oscar Wilde play who defines a cynic as someone who “knows the price of everything and the value of nothing”. Is there some mid-point between these two extremes? What is the right balance between them?
One attempt to get a balanced approach is under way in South Africa at that country’s branch of the Aspen Network of Development Entrepreneurs (ANDE) which seeks to lift families, and entire nations, out of poverty. Set up a decade ago, ANDE is a global network of more than 300 members dedicated to promoting what it calls SGBs – small and growing businesses. In South Africa it has around 50 members. It aims to help build a supportive ecosystem that will allow local SGBs to develop and flourish. The ultimate vision is that more and stronger SGBs will significantly increase prosperity for citizens as measured by increased employment, increased wages, and a higher quality of life, including social and economic advances.
Specifically, says Nonceba Qabazi of ANDE South Africa, the aim is to work through intermediaries to promote a “growth mindset” among small businesses, those that employ between 50 and 250 staff. SGBs can be described as part of the “missing middle” of the local business community – a group that is struggling to get access to finance.
Joining ANDE in this British Council-DICE funded project is Social Value UK, part of Social Value International (SVI), also a global network with members in around 25 countries. Adam Richards of Social Value International says the network shares a fundamental objective which is to change the way the world accounts for social value. He laughs and adds “that is far more interesting than it actually sounds!”
Of course, companies must be financially sustainable and measure profit or loss. But for those who want to go beyond that, there is a framework for assessing social impact. SVI proposes seven principles for measuring social value. These include involving stakeholders, understanding change, valuing the things that matter, including only what is relevant, avoiding over-claiming, being transparent and verifying results. These principles allow for adaptation to specific projects, businesses and stakeholders. The idea is that they provide a flexible but robust way to measure change: neither the “measure everything” nor the “measure nothing” approach.
Both ANDE and SVI have already collaborated on a number of back-to-back ventures, so applying jointly to carry out a DICE-funded project in South Africa was a logical next step. The project focuses on introducing the concept of impact measurement and management to 40-50 South African intermediary organisations which are in turn “cascading” the technique to around 400 social and creative enterprises. The project also seeks to build a community of practice for impact measurement and management techniques, particularly those relevant to enterprises working with marginalised groups and women. The two organisations have also built a tool kit including case studies to further disseminate impact measurement and management. Two-day workshops have been held focusing on critical targets, how to build a theory of change, how to involve stakeholders, how to assess qualitative data, and how to measure the ultimate impact on the lives of the people involved.
Adam is passionate about what the technique can deliver. He acknowledges that there was initially some resistance to “importing” a toolkit from abroad, but notes that in effect it has been co-authored by many different organisations. Once the South African practitioners understood it could be tailored to meet their specific needs and circumstances, they became much more confident in using it.
He had been approached with a suggestion that the toolkit might be turned into an app for mobile phones, giving him what he calls “a genuine smile from ear to ear”. He adds: “Impact measurement and management – the terms are so jargonistic and technical sounding! If you want to change government policy, yes, you need to be rigorous. But if you want to change the operation of a social enterprise, you don’t need to be so rigorous. Let’s not just hold ourselves to such unrealistic and unnecessary levels. Let’s change people’s lives and do so more effectively.”
Ultimately, any project or creative and social enterprise must answer the “so what?” question: not just “what were its outputs”, but ‘what were its outcomes – how did things really change, from a people-centred point of view?
The British Council and the DICE Collaborators (including the organisations featured in this article) invite you to join them in a series of conversations about reducing inequalities, collaborating across borders and oceans, and operating impact-focused enterprises at a time of profound change. These free, monthly live events are co-hosted by impact-focused organisations in Brazil, Egypt, Indonesia, Pakistan and South Africa and their partners in the UK, and draw on their experience of collaborating across borders to address challenges such as youth unemployment, environmental catastrophe, disability rights, and gender inequality in local communities. Find out more and register here.
The DICE Series tells the stories of collaborations which brought together enterprise development experts from the UK with specialists working in five emerging economies – Brazil, Egypt, Indonesia, Pakistan and South Africa – during 2019-20 with the aim of addressing entrenched issues of economic and social exclusion. Read more about the British Council’s DICE programme here.